It is in this context that the UN’s special Rapporteur on Freedom of expression, David. A. Kaye, published his annual report to the Human Rights Council, after over a year of consultations, and submissions, including one by Internet Without Borders, which you can download heredownload here)
This year, the Special Rapporteur focuses on private sector actors, specifically digital access providers, and their role in the protection of online freedom of expression. In fact, most of the attacks against online freedom of expression are perpetrated by State actors, in violation of their international commitments; But digital access providers also have a responsibility in the low level of protection of this freedom, despite the good practices outlined in the UN Guiding principles on Business and Human Rights.
From Internet shutdowns and Net neutrality, to content filtering, the report reviews how Governments and private sector can harm, willingly or not, online freedom of expression of citizens and users, and makes recommendations on how the Human Rights Council can take action to strengthen its protection: recommendations include a better understanding of the intersections between the role of digital access providers and governments in the digital industry, notably by promoting the adoption of national plans on Business and Human Rights.